মো. জসিম উদ্দীন বিশ্বাস, প্রভাষক
ঢাকা রেসিডেনসিয়াল মডেল কলেজ
Unit-6, Lesson: -(4-5)
What food is good food?
Sometimes the food we like to isn’t the healthiest food for us. The food pyramid helps us to understand the different food groups, and it tells us how much of each food group we should eat. Look at the picture of the food pyramid. We eat more of the foods at the bottom of the pyramid. What foods do you see at the bottom? These are things made from grain, for example, rice, ruti, and bread. Potatoes are not grains, but they are similar. Grains give us energy. Fruit and vegetables are in the next level of the pyramid. These are also very important for us. They have vitamins. They help our eyes and our health. On the next level, there are fish, meat, dairy products, beans and lentils. Meat, fish and chicken have protein. Beans and lentils do, too! Dairy products are things like milk and eggs. They help our teeth and bones. Protein and dairy make us strong. Fat and oil are at the top of the food pyramid. These make food delicious, but our body does not need very much of them. Sometimes we can’t get food from all the different food groups. But when we have choices about food, we need to make good choices.
Food (n) – খাদ্য; good (adj) – ভালো; sometimes (adv)- মাঝে মাঝে; like (v) – পছন্দ করা eat (v)- খাওয়া; healthiest (adj) – সবচেয়ে স্বাস্থ্যকর; pyramid (n)- পিড়ামিড; help (v) –সাহায্য করা; understand (v) –বুঝতে পারা; different (adj)- আলাদা; group (n)- দল বা শ্রেণি; tell (v)- বলা; each (adj)- প্রত্যেক; look (v)- দেখা; picture (n)- ছবি; more (adj)- আরও বেশি; bottom (n)- তলা; see (v) দেখা; these (pro)- এইগুলো; grain (n)- শস্য; example (n)- উদাহরণ; rice (n) –ভাত; ruti (n)- রুটি; bread (n) –পাউরুটি; potato (n)- আলু; similar (adj) –একই; give (v)-;দেওয়া; energy (n) –শক্তি; fruit (n) –ফল; vegetables (n)–শাকসবজি; next(adj) –পরবর্তী; level (n) –স্তর; important (adj)-গুরুত্বপূর্ণ; vitamin (n) – ভিটামিন; fish (n) –মাছ; meat (n)- মাংস; dairy (adj) –দুগ্ধজাত; product (n) –উত্পন্ন দ্রব্য; bean (n)- শিম; lentil (n)- ডাল; chicken(n)- মুরগি; protein (n)- আমিষ; milk (n) – দুধ;egg (n) –ডিম; bone(n) –হাড়; strong (adj) –শক্তিশালী; fat (n) মোটা; oil (n) তৈল; top( n) –শীর্ষ; delicious (adj) –সুস্বাদু; body (n) – need (v)- প্রয়োজন পড়া; choice (n) – পছন্দ;
2. Match the words of the column A with their meaning that is mentioned in the text in the column B ( extra two are given in column B)
(i) very pleasant to taste or smell
(iii) the lowest part of something
(v) to realize or know something
(vi) one kind of structure
(vii) almost the same
Answer to the question number2:
(a) + (v), Understand - to realize or know something.
(b) + (iii), Bottom - the lowest part of something
(c) + (vii), Similar - almost the same
(d) + (vi), Pyramid - one kind of structure
(e) + (i), Delicious - very pleasant to taste or smell
Or, Fill in the blank with the correct words.
(a) Food pyramid is ______ for us.
(b) Potatoes give us ______ .
(c) Bean is a ____________ of protein.
(d) _________ have vitamins.
(e) We must ________ good food.
Answer: (a) helpful (b) energy (c) source (d) fruits (e) choose.
3. Answer the following questions.
(a)How does the food pyramid help us?
(b)Which foods give us energy?
(c)Why are fruits and vegetables important for us?
(d) What do you know about dairy products?
(e) Why do we need fat and oil?
Answer to the question number3:
(a) The Food Pyramid helps us to understand the different food groups, and it tells us how much each food group we should eat.
(b) Grains give us energy. So, the foods made from grain, for example, rice, ruti and bread give us energy.
(c) Fruit and vegetables are important for us because they have vitamins. They help our eyes and our health.
(d) Dairy products are things like milk and eggs. They help our teeth and bones.
(e) We need fat and oil because they make food delicious.